Advertisement

Canada is launching a new way of inviting candidates for permanent residence through the Express Entry system. Starting from this summer, category-based draws will be held alongside general and program-specific draws. These draws will target candidates who have skills and experience in certain fields that are in high demand in Canada.

In this article, we will explain what category-based draws are, how they work, and what are the job vacancies in Canada for each category.

Advertisement

What are category-based draws?

Category-based draws are rounds of invitations that invite the highest-ranking candidates in the Express Entry pool who meet specific criteria. These criteria include:

  • French-language proficiency
  • Work experience in one of the following fields:
  •  Healthcare
  • Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
  •  Trades
  •  Transportation
  • Agriculture and Agri-food

The categories were chosen based on Canada’s economic goals and labour market needs. They were determined through consultations with provinces and territories, industry members, unions, employers, workers, worker advocacy groups, settlement provider organizations, and immigration researchers and practitioners.

Category-based draws will complement general and program-specific draws, which invite candidates based on their overall ranking or their eligibility for a specific Express Entry program. Category-based draws will allow Canada to target labour shortages and strategic growth industries more precisely.

How do category-based draws work?

To be eligible for an invitation through a category-based draw, you must meet all of the requirements in the instructions for that round. The instructions will include:

  • The date and time of the round
  • The number of candidates that will get an invitation to apply
  • The eligibility criteria for the category

When a category-based round of invitations is held, the Express Entry system will rank candidates in the pool who meet the category requirements and invite the top-ranking candidates to apply for permanent residence.

The categories and their eligibility criteria for 2023 are as follows:

French-language proficiency

To be eligible, you must have French-language test results that show a minimum score of 7 in all 4 language abilities on the Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens.

Healthcare occupations

To be eligible, you must have accumulated, within the past 3 years, at least 6 months of continuous work experience (in Canada or abroad) in a single occupation listed in the table below:

Advertisement
Read:  UK Work Permit Visa 2023 - Skilled Worker Visa & Application Process
NOC code Occupation
3011 Nursing co-ordinators and supervisors
3012 Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses
3111 Specialist physicians
3112 General practitioners and family physicians
3113 Dentists
3121 Optometrists
3122 Chiropractors
3124 Allied primary health practitioners
3125 Other professional occupations in health diagnosing and treating
3131 Pharmacists
3132 Dietitians and nutritionists
3141 Audiologists and speech-language pathologists
3142 Physiotherapists
3143 Occupational therapists
3144 Other professional occupations in therapy and assessment
3211 Medical laboratory technologists
3212 Medical laboratory technicians and pathologists’ assistants
3213 Animal health technologists and veterinary technicians
3214 Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists
3215 Medical radiation technologists
3216 Medical sonographers
3217 Cardiology technologists and electrophysiological diagnostic technologists, n.e.c.
3219 Other medical technologists and technicians (except dental health)
3221 Denturists
3222 Dental hygienists and dental therapists

STEM occupations

To be eligible, you must have accumulated, within the past 3 years, at least one year of continuous work experience (in Canada or abroad) in a single occupation listed in the table below:

NOC code Occupation
0213 Computer and information systems managers
2147 Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers)
2171 Information systems analysts and consultants
2172 Database analysts and data administrators
2173 Software engineers and designers
2174 Computer programmers and interactive media developers
2175 Web designers and developers

Trade occupations

To be eligible, you must have accumulated, within the past three years, at least one year of continuous work experience (in Canada or abroad) in a single occupation listed in the table below:

NOC code Occupation
7231 Machinists and machining and tooling inspectors
7232 Tool and die makers
7233 Sheet metal workers
7234 Boilermakers
7235 Structural metal and platework fabricators and fitters
7236 Ironworkers
7237 Welders and related machine operators
7241 Electricians (except industrial and power system)
7242 Industrial electricians
7243 Power system electricians
7244 Electrical power line and cable workers
7245 Telecommunications line and cable workers
7246 Telecommunications installation and repair workers
7247 Cable television service and maintenance technicians
7251 Plumbers
7252 Steamfitters, pipefitters and sprinkler system installers
7253 Gas fitters

Transportation occupations

To be eligible, you must have accumulated, within the past three years, at least one year of continuous work experience (in Canada or abroad) in a single occupation listed in the table below:

NOC code Occupation
7511 Transport truck drivers
7512 Bus drivers, subway operators and other transit operators
7513 Taxi and limousine drivers and chauffeurs
7514 Delivery and courier service drivers
Read:  How Minimum Wage Rates Will Change Across Canada in 2023

Agriculture and agri-food occupations

To be eligible, you must have accumulated, within the past three years, at least one year of continuous work experience (in Canada or abroad) in a single occupation listed in the table below:

NOC code Occupation
0821 Managers in agriculture
0822 Managers in horticulture
8252 Agricultural service contractors, farm supervisors and specialized livestock workers

What are the job vacancies in Canada for each category?

To understand the Canadian job market for each category, it is useful to look at the data provided by Statistics Canada. The data shows the number of job vacancies, the vacancy rate, and the distribution of vacancies by province for each category in the fourth quarter of 2022.

Healthcare

The healthcare and social assistance category had a total of 143,695 job vacancies, resulting in a vacancy rate of 6%. This category has experienced a significant number of job vacancies, especially in the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic. To address these vacancies, Canada heavily relies on immigration to fill positions in the healthcare system. At present, a quarter of registered nurses and 36% of physicians working in Canada were born in a different country. In recognition of this, IRCC is implementing measures to facilitate the immigration process for foreign-trained healthcare professionals, including the removal of certain barriers for physicians already in Canada on temporary residency visas.

The distribution of job vacancies by province was as follows:

  • Ontario: 64,855 (45.1%)
  • Quebec: 28,900 (20.1%)
  • British Columbia: 23,505 (16.4%)
  • Alberta: 13,050 (9.1%)
  • Manitoba: 4,815 (3.4%)
  • Saskatchewan: 3,555 (2.5%)
  • Nova Scotia: 2,670 (1.9%)
  • New Brunswick: 1,295 (0.9%)
  • Newfoundland and Labrador: 665 (0.5%)
  • Prince Edward Island: 385 (0.3%)

STEM

STEM occupations fall primarily within the professional, scientific, and technical services category. This category had a total of 56,915 job vacancies, resulting in a vacancy rate of 4.6%. This category has also experienced growing demand in Canada. According to a report released by Statistics Canada in November 2022, the combination of high retirement rates and evolving technology has created a skills gap in Canada’s labor force, making STEM professionals increasingly sought after.

The distribution of job vacancies by province was as follows:

  • Ontario: 29,590 (52%)
  • Quebec: 10,740 (18.9%)
  • British Columbia: 8,760 (15.4%)
  • Alberta: 5,205 (9.1%)
  • Manitoba: 1,010 (1.8%)
  • Saskatchewan: 830 (1.5%)
  • Nova Scotia: 445 (0.8%)
  • New Brunswick: 245 (0.4%)
  • Newfoundland and Labrador: 90 (0.2%)

Trades

The trades category encompasses both wholesale trades and retail trades, as per Statistics Canada’s data. Wholesale trades had a total of 30,930 job vacancies, resulting in a vacancy rate of 3.8%. Retail trades had a total of 108,795 job vacancies, resulting in a vacancy rate of 5.1%. The distribution of job vacancies by province was as follows:

  • Ontario: 54,900 (38.9%)
  • Quebec: 29,235 (20.7%)
  • British Columbia: 23,590 (16.7%)
  • Alberta: 15,300 (10.8%)
  • Manitoba: 4,800 (3.4%)
  • Saskatchewan: 4,050 (2.9%)
  • Nova Scotia: 2,850 (2%)
  • New Brunswick: 2,100 (1.5%)
  • Newfoundland and Labrador: 1,500 (1.1%)
  • Prince Edward Island: 700 (0.5%)
Read:  Where in Canada Has the Most Job Opportunities?

Transportation

The transportation and warehousing category had a total of 43,700 job vacancies, resulting in a vacancy rate of 5%. This category has seen a decrease in the job vacancy rate compared to the year 2021, when it reached a peak of 6.6% in the second quarter. The distribution of job vacancies by province was as follows:

  • Ontario: 19,400 (44.4%)
  • Quebec: 9,200 (21.1%)
  • British Columbia: 6,500 (14.9%)
  • Alberta: 4,600 (10.5%)
  • Manitoba: 1,500 (3.4%)
  • Saskatchewan: 1,100 (2.5%)
  • Nova Scotia: 600 (1.4%)
  • New Brunswick: 500 (1.1%)
  • Newfoundland and Labrador: 200 (0.5%)

Agriculture and agri-food

The agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting category had a total of 10,535 job vacancies, resulting in a vacancy rate of 3.9%. This category has also seen a decline in the job vacancy rate since 2021, when it reached a high of 7.2% in the second quarter. The distribution of job vacancies by province was as follows:

  • Ontario: 3,600 (34.2%)
  • Quebec: 2,800 (26.6%)
  • British Columbia: 1,800 (17.1%)
  • Alberta: 1,000 (9.5%)
  • Manitoba: 500 (4.7%)
  • Saskatchewan: 400 (3.8%)
  • Nova Scotia: 200 (1.9%)
  • New Brunswick: 100 (0.9%)

Conclusion

Category-based draws are a new way of inviting candidates for permanent residence through the Express Entry system. They aim to address the labour shortages and economic goals of Canada by targeting candidates who have skills and experience in certain fields that are in high demand in Canada.

To be eligible for an invitation through a category-based draw, you must meet the specific criteria for the category that is chosen for that round.

The categories for 2023 are:

  • French-language proficiency
  • Healthcare occupations
  • STEM occupations
  • Trade occupations
  • Transportation occupations
  • Agriculture and agri-food occupations

The job vacancies in Canada for each category vary by province and by quarter.

If you are interested in applying for permanent residence through the Express Entry system, you should check your eligibility for the different categories and programs and keep an eye on the rounds of invitations that are held throughout the year.

Share.

I'm Ian, a travel blogger with a background in publishing. My hobby is exploring new places, and here, I share my discoveries from quaint towns and bustling cities. Each trip inspires my next post, inviting you to join me on this exciting journey.