Have you ever wondered if you could pack up your life and start fresh in a new country? Many people dream of relocating to Canada, known for its high quality of life, beautiful landscapes, and welcoming culture.

But before you can make that dream a reality, you need to navigate the immigration process, specifically Express Entry.


Express Entry is Canada’s system for managing applications for permanent residence. It’s designed for skilled workers who want to move to Canada.

But how do you know if you qualify? That’s where many hopeful immigrants get stuck. The process can seem overwhelming and confusing, but don’t worry!

Whether you’re just curious or ready to take the plunge, this guide is here to help you every step of the way.

What is Express Entry?

Express Entry is an online system used by the Canadian government to manage applications for permanent residence from skilled workers.

It’s designed to streamline the immigration process and make it faster for qualified candidates. There are three main programs under Express Entry:

  • Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
  • Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
  • Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

Each of these programs has specific requirements, and knowing which one you qualify for is the first step in your Express Entry journey.

Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)

The Federal Skilled Worker Program is for individuals with foreign work experience who want to immigrate to Canada permanently. To be eligible, you must meet the following criteria:

  • Work Experience: At least one year of continuous full-time or equivalent part-time work experience in a skilled occupation within the last ten years.
  • Language Skills: Proficiency in English or French, proven by a standardized language test.
  • Education: A Canadian secondary (high school) or post-secondary certificate, diploma, or degree, or an equivalent foreign credential.
  • Proof of Funds: Sufficient funds to support yourself and your family in Canada, unless you have a valid job offer or are already authorized to work in Canada.
  • Points System: Score at least 67 points out of 100 on the FSWP grid, which evaluates factors like age, education, work experience, language skills, and adaptability.

Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)

The Federal Skilled Trades Program is for skilled workers who want to become permanent residents based on being qualified in a skilled trade. Eligibility requirements include:

  • Work Experience: At least two years of full-time work experience in a skilled trade within the five years before you apply.
  • Job Offer or Certification: A valid job offer of full-time employment for a total period of at least one year or a certificate of qualification in that skilled trade issued by a Canadian provincial, territorial, or federal authority.
  • Language Skills: Proficiency in English or French, proven by a standardized language test.
  • Proof of Funds: Sufficient funds to support yourself and your family in Canada, unless you have a valid job offer or are already authorized to work in Canada.

Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

The Canadian Experience Class is for skilled workers who have Canadian work experience and want to become permanent residents. To be eligible, you must:

  • Work Experience: Have at least one year of skilled, professional, or technical work experience in Canada within the last three years.
  • Language Skills: Meet the required language levels needed for your job for each language ability (speaking, reading, writing, and listening).
  • Plan to Live Outside Quebec: Quebec has its own immigration system.

Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)

The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is a points-based system used to assess and score your profile and rank it in the Express Entry pool.


The higher your CRS score, the more likely you are to receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residence. CRS points are awarded based on:

  • Core/Human Capital Factors: Age, education, language proficiency, and Canadian work experience.
  • Spouse or Common-Law Partner Factors: Education, language proficiency, and Canadian work experience.
  • Skills Transferability: A combination of factors such as education and work experience.
  • Additional Factors: Provincial nomination, valid job offer, study in Canada, sibling in Canada, French language skills.

How to Improve Your CRS Score

If your CRS score isn’t high enough to get an ITA, don’t worry. There are several ways to improve your score:

  • Language Tests: Improve your scores in English or French tests.
  • Education: Complete another degree, diploma, or certificate.
  • Work Experience: Gain more work experience, especially in Canada.
  • Job Offer: Obtain a valid job offer from a Canadian employer.
  • Provincial Nomination: Apply to a provincial nominee program (PNP).

Costs Involved in Express Entry

Applying for Express Entry involves several costs. Here’s a breakdown:

  • Language Tests: Approximately CAD 300.
  • Educational Credential Assessment (ECA): Around CAD 200.
  • Biometrics Fee: CAD 85 per person.
  • Application Processing Fee: CAD 825 per adult applicant.
  • Right of Permanent Residence Fee: CAD 500 per adult applicant.
  • Medical Exam: CAD 200-300.
  • Police Certificates: Varies by country.

Steps to Apply for Express Entry

  1. Check Your Eligibility: Determine if you meet the criteria for one of the Express Entry programs.
  2. Get Your Documents Ready: Gather necessary documents like language test results, ECA report, and work experience letters.
  3. Create an Express Entry Profile: Submit your profile online. If you qualify, you’ll be placed in the Express Entry pool.
  4. Receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA): If your CRS score is high enough, you’ll receive an ITA.
  5. Submit Your Application for Permanent Residence: Complete your application within 60 days of receiving the ITA.
  6. Get a Decision: Wait for your application to be processed. If approved, you’ll receive your Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR).

Common Mistakes to Avoid

  • Incomplete Profile: Make sure all sections of your profile are complete and accurate.
  • Expired Documents: Ensure your documents, especially language tests and ECAs, are valid and not expired.
  • Not Updating Profile: Keep your profile updated with any changes in your situation, like a new job or additional education.
  • Ignoring Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs): These can significantly boost your CRS score.


Navigating the Express Entry system can seem daunting, but with the right information and preparation, you can increase your chances of qualifying.


Remember to check your eligibility, gather the necessary documents, and keep improving your CRS score.


I'm Ian, a travel blogger with a background in publishing. My hobby is exploring new places, and here, I share my discoveries from quaint towns and bustling cities. Each trip inspires my next post, inviting you to join me on this exciting journey.